Today is the second conjunction between Jupiter and Pluto in Capricorn—both currently moving retrograde. The first conjunction was April 5, and the final conjunction will be November 12. We’re midway through this story, and it is a story that asks us what forms of power we are willing to affirm. Audre Lorde writes in “Uses of the Erotic: The Erotic as Power,” “For once we begin to feel deeply all the aspects of our lives, we begin to demand from ourselves and from our life-pursuits that they feel in accordance with that joy which we know ourselves to be capable of. Our erotic knowledge empowers us, becomes a lens through which we scrutinize all aspects of our existence, forcing us to evaluate those aspects honestly in terms of their relative meaning within our lives. And this is a grave responsibility, projected from within each of us, not to settle for the convenient, the shoddy, the conventionally expected, nor the merely safe.” At this time during which there are so many powerful institutions and systems to oppose and dismantle—those established convenient conventions that promise safety they cannot deliver—may we also connect to the depths of feeling within ourselves in order to know the forms of power to which we say YES. As the Moon in Scorpio opposes Uranus in Taurus, something deep within may be disrupted or unsettled. Mercury retrograde in Cancer makes a sextile to Uranus in Taurus, and we may find words bubbling up from our inner depths to describe the processes that are unfolding within. Finally, Mercury makes a conjunction with the Sun in Cancer, a condition called cazimi, in which we may encounter the bright light of clarity blazing through the eddies of feelings that we do not yet know how to name.
Today the Moon in Libra moves through squares to Pluto and Jupiter in Capricorn—both retrograde and applying to their conjunction with one another. We may be feeling in our bodies the resurgent challenge to affirm new forms of organizing power in the wake of those systems we are rejecting. The Moon then ingresses into Scorpio, the sign of its fall, without reception from Mars in Aries. We may feel heavy, dragged down by the weight of our feelings, especially those deep and vulnerable places inside of ourselves that may have been neglected in our push to hold the weight of the world. We cannot move toward justice in the world while neglecting the harm we hold within ourselves. As Cara Page and Susan Raffo write, “There is nothing we talk about in movement building work that is only an ‘issue.’ These are things we have experienced. Our bodies, our communities, our memories carry all of the times when we experience or witness violence, systemic oppression or displacement, oppression, disrespect, and marginalization … Everything we want to change in the world around us also exists right here in our bodies.” As the Moon comes into a square with Saturn retrograde in Aquarius, we may be stopped in our tracks as the emotional depths living within our bodies demand healing and care in concert with our ongoing pursuit of justice for the collective.
Today the Moon in Libra makes a trine to Venus—its ruler, now moving direct—in Gemini. While still retracing its retrograde shadow, Venus is beginning the process of integrating the lessons of the last five weeks. We are learning that in order to live well—to make life more livable for more people—we must confront our fears love and responsibility to one another. bell hooks writes in All About Love, “Fear of radical changes leads many citizens of our nation to betray their minds and hearts. Yet we are all subjected to radical changes every day. We face them by moving through fear … Society’s collective fear of love must be faced if we are to lay claim to an ethic that can inspire us and give us the courage to make necessary changes.” At the scale of both personal relationships and social movements, how are you moving through the fear of love in order to make necessary changes? The Moon then makes a square to the Sun in Cancer, entering the waxing quarter phase, a time of pushing through challenges and insisting on a new way of being in the world. Mars—newly ingressed into Aries—makes a sextile to Saturn retrograde in Aquarius, inspiring determination and focusing our resources on moving beyond the parts of ourselves and our world that say: no, that is not possible. Finally, the Moon in Libra makes a square to Mercury retrograde in Cancer, and we may encounter friction or difficulties due to reluctance to communicate or express what would actually bring us closer together.
Today is a busy day in the skies. The Moon in Virgo moves through oppositions to Neptune and Mars in Pisces and trines to Pluto and Jupiter in Capricorn before ingressing into Libra. We may find ourselves in conflict between our dreams and aspirations and the material realities and resources that are available to us. We may be dreaming of a better world, but uncertain as to the actions we need to take in order to bring that world into being. As we dream into the future, remember that we carry power and wisdom from throughout long histories of struggle. As Tricia Hersey offers on For the Wild podcast, “We need to understand that there is spiritual work that has been done for us behind the scenes that can help move movement work forward, that isn’t going to be us killing ourselves and working eighty-hour weeks and re-continuing to traumatize each other by copying white supremacist work culture … There is work that has been done already for us behind the scenes that we can tap into.” As the Moon moves into Libra—with reception from Venus in Gemini—we turn toward cooperation and collaboration, moving with others in ways that take care of everybody’s needs. The Moon moves through a trine with Saturn retrograde in Aquarius, reminding us to slow down and review, because the work of justice unfolds across generations. Finally, Mars ingresses into its domicile Aries, where it will remain until January 6, 2021. Mars’ time in Aries is a major part of the story of 2020, activating the parts of our charts occupied by Aries, and equipping us with the resources we need in order to sustain ongoing struggle.
Today the Moon in Virgo makes a trine to Uranus in Taurus, then a sextile to Mercury retrograde in Cancer. Virgo cultivates the most effective use of the materials we have available—within and beyond the body—and Uranus demands revolution and radical change. What will it take to change our relationships to what we have called resources—our bodies and the earth? Alexis Pauline Gumbs writes in M Archive: After the End of the World, “then they learned to work with the soil they had. the daily dirt under their fingernails, the collected decomposition of their skin. they would grow what they needed from that. sometimes they remembered how many times caterpillars grow whole encasements of skin and shed them again and again before growing the skin that would become chrysalis. but nowadays they were focusing on a much smaller scale of organism. the bacteria swimming across the parched oceans of their eyes. the tiny cities in their intestine. the whole surface of their skins populated and evolving. this was the last step. they finally had to understand themselves as planets.” What will it take for us to value all that we are and all that we hold, our relationship to life and livability at every scale? The Moon then makes a sextile to Mercury in Cancer. In mutual reception with one another, with Mercury moving back along its retrograde cycle, we go looking for the words to describe new or old ways of being with the planet as well as ourselves. What does it mean to care for ourselves as planets as we review all that we have done and enter the days ahead?
Today Venus stations direct after over a month of moving retrograde, but Venus will not clear the shadow of the retrograde until July 29. And during that time, Venus’ ruler Mercury will still be retrograde until July 12, clearing its own shadow on July 26. This is to say that while we will begin to integrate the lessons of this Venus retrograde cycle, full actionable understanding of what we have learned may not be available until the last week of July. Today the Moon ingresses into Virgo, in mutual reception with Mercury in Cancer. What material changes have we been describing and demanding? What are the practical implications of the questions we have we been asking? As brontë velez states on For the Wild podcast, “I’m also interested in rooting English. It is an uprooted, colonial language. We don’t know where it comes from. So, we’re speaking things and we don’t know what spells that we’re casting. We don’t know the history of what we’re saying … what we start to say becomes true. When we start to change our language, it changes us.” What are the effects that are generated by our words? What spells are we casting when we allow colonial language to pass through our bodies? How can we create change through changing our language? The Moon makes a sextile to the Sun in Cancer, providing fresh illumination and inspiration for the work ahead. And finally, the Moon makes a square to Venus in Gemini; we may begin to feel in our bodies what will need to transform as we truly integrate the lessons of the last five weeks.
Today the Moon in Leo makes a square to Uranus in Taurus. This aspect describes a challenge of revolutionary visibility, becoming more visible in ways that divest from systemic norms and create opportunities for liberation. But visibility—especially for marginalized communities, for people who are already visibly different—is never simply only liberatory. Juliana Huxtable offers, “I think there is an actual moment of dynamic and, in many ways, powerful visibility, and perhaps there are reasons why it’s happening that we can point to … I think that the policing and the violence against trans people have a direct relationship to that increase in visibility. The people who gain visibility—those whom the media deem to be relatively ‘passable’ in one sense or another—end up being used as examples to police trans people generally.” As trans folks—especially trans women of color—understand intimately, becoming more visible can be a powerful challenge to existing social norms that would deny the existence of trans people, but that same visibility can also make you a target for policing, harassment, and violence. Or, alternatively, if you are visible in ways that receives acceptance or social sanction, that visibility can then be used as a standard with which to police others. But Huxtable states, “it’s actually really radical to insist on an idea of beauty.” How might you show up in radical ways that insist on forms of beauty that disrupt policing and resist normalization, that generate more potential for freedom and livability? How can you provide spaces of appearance and acceptance for others whose lives insist on such radical possibilities for beauty and visibility?
Today Neptune stations retrograde in Pisces—joining Mercury, Venus, Jupiter, Saturn, and Pluto in their apparent retracings of their pathways across the sky. There is such a strong personal and collective pull back toward where we have come from. It is important to use this time to review, finding what resources the past has to offer, while not getting seduced into the comfort of established familiarities. The Moon in Cancer makes a trine to Mars in Pisces, stimulating emotional courage before the Moon ingresses into Leo and directly into an opposition with Saturn in Aquarius. Saturn can activate our fears, particularly around showing up and being seen, but the Moon is waxing in light in the sign of the Sun. Leo is the hearth of authenticity, our abiding whole-heartedness. Audre Lorde writes in “Eye to Eye,” “To search for power within myself means I must be willing to move through being afraid to whatever lies beyond. If I look at my most vulnerable places and acknowledge the pain I have felt, I can remove the source of that pain from my enemies’ arsenals … Nothing I accept about myself can be used against me to diminish me.” What have you not yet accepted about yourself, and how has this self-rejection or self-abandonment diminished who you have become? How might you begin to move through being afraid toward whatever lies beyond? As the Moon forms a sextile with Venus retrograde in Gemini, we may find ourselves moved to share our most vulnerable places with those we love, those who have made themselves trustworthy, as part of our journey into acceptance.
Today the Moon makes a conjunction to Mercury retrograde in Cancer. While Mercury’s retrograde may describe difficulties or delays in communication, reception from its ruler the Moon—concentrated in this conjunction—offers resources for settling into a more sensitive felt experience of our bodies and emotional lives. This sensitivity may become more expansive as the Moon makes a trine with Neptune. The more we allow ourselves to feel, the more our sense of self can expand to hold the breadths and depths of what we are feeling. As the Moon then moves through oppositions to Pluto and Jupiter—both retrograde in Capricorn—we may discover that buried within our own bodies are the seeds of both our own oppression as well as our personal and collective experiences of liberation. Audre Lorde writes in “Age, Race, Class, and Sex,” “…the true focus of revolutionary change is never merely the oppressive situations which we seek to escape, but that piece of the oppressor which is planted deep within each of us, and which knows only the oppressors’ tactics, the oppressors’ relationships.” Inasmuch as we are called to look outside of ourselves to critique and dismantle systems of oppression that surround us, we must also be willing to look deeply within ourselves for the pieces of the oppressor that shape our thoughts, actions, and relationships—our internalized racism and sexism and ableism, our deep fears and loathing regarding sexuality and gender, our attachments to colonial tactics and oppressive class systems. As we confront and work to heal these inner oppressors, we find that the sources of our own freedom are held within our bodies as well.
Early this morning before dawn, the Moon ingressed into its domicile of Cancer and directly into a conjunction with the Sun, perfecting a major solar eclipse. This eclipse holds the potential to challenge or disrupt our sense of safety and security, as well as the institutions in which we place our trust for providing safety and care. It may actually require us to question our beliefs about security, safety, and care, facing the shadow of our attachments to what we may have thought protected us—especially right now in the U.S. in regard to policing, all the ways in which the police are an instrument of violence and oppression specifically to Black and Brown people, but also to trans people, poor people, mentally disabled people, and so on. We may be propelled toward change and new—or old—possibilities, especially as the Moon forms a sextile with Uranus in Taurus. It may be that we are facing worlds coming to an end, ways of being in the world that create more harm than care. What will we do now? Alexis Pauline Gumbs writes in M Archive: After the End of the World, “they dug in their memories for the one day. for some of them it was a couple of days per month. rock-bottom days. the days in their lives when the world had already ended. they thought back. and asked: what did we each do then? … when we knew there would be no tomorrow. what did we each do then? how did we keep breathing past it (because we are the ones that did). they dug for those memories and stacked them in a row. that’s how. that’s how we learned to get through this.” If you search your own memories for how you survived when it felt like there would be no tomorrow, what did you do then? Here you are. You survived. What if you already hold the traces and tools for how to survive now as we demand the dissolution of institutions that never kept us safe in the first place?
Today is the summer solstice in the northern hemisphere, the longest day of the year as the Sun ingresses into Cancer this evening. It is a time for celebrating and affirming that which is life-giving, both the intensity and brilliance of the Sun itself as well as the ways in which we all carry our own capacities to shine brightly and offer that which nurtures life in the world. Mars in Pisces makes a sextile to Jupiter in Capricorn. Even fallen and retrograde in Capricorn, Jupiter offers the affirmation of possibility and potential. Mars reminds us that sometimes we must struggle and fight for that which we are told is impossible in order to bring it into being. The Moon in Gemini makes squares to Neptune and then Mars in Pisces. In the struggle to bring the impossible into being, our dreams can provide the necessary currents to propel us into action. Audre Lorde writes in “Eye to Eye,” “Acknowledged, our dreams can shape the realities of our future, if we arm them with the hard work and scrutiny of now.” As we move into this new season, we may ask: what are the seemingly impossible worlds of which we are dreaming? How might we acknowledge and arm such dreams with hard work and scrutiny in order to imbue them with the force necessary to shape the realities of our futures? We may not yet know what a world of justice could be; when we try to envision it, we may be told by existing systems, “That is not possible.” How can we begin to act and embody the seeming impossibilities for which we dream?
Today the Moon makes a conjunction to Venus retrograde in Gemini. Today is also Juneteenth, commemorating the end of slavery and the freedom of enslaved people in the United States. It is not merely a celebration of the work of the Emancipation Proclamation finally reaching Texas and freeing those who were still enslaved over two years after the executive order; it is also a celebration of hundreds of years of struggle for freedom, the efforts of enslaved African and African American people working across generations to be free. It is a celebration of survival, including the ongoing survival of Black and Brown people in a world that is still shaped by the afterlife of slavery. What does it take to survive? Audre Lorde writes of raising Black children in “the mouth of a racist, sexist, suicidal dragon”: “If they cannot love and resist at the same time, they will probably not survive. And in order to survive they must let go … For each of these, the ability to feel strongly and to recognize those feelings is central: how to feel love, how to neither discount fear not be overwhelmed by it, how to enjoy feeling deeply.” As we both celebrate and struggle for freedom today, as we connect to Venus’ retrograde cycle, may we all learn to love and resist at the same time. And for those of us who are white, may we continue to do the work of loving and supporting the love of Black and Brown people, creating conditions in which those who have survived hundreds of years of oppression might feel more deeply, might feel love, without being overwhelmed by fear.
Today Mercury stations retrograde in Cancer, initiating several weeks of reflection and review in the areas of our charts occupied by Cancer. This could be a time of revisiting our own vulnerable and tender places, allowing ourselves to feel more deeply than we have before, and finding ways to articulate what we have not yet been able to say. The Moon in Taurus makes a sextile to Mars in Pisces then trines to Pluto and Jupiter, both retrograde in Capricorn. When we begin from stable and grounded places, we are more capable of taking action, accessing our own power, and investing in tangible, long-term growth. The Moon then ingresses into Gemini, exchanging signs with Mercury, and moves directly into a trine with Saturn retrograde in Aquarius. Gemini can stimulate our curiosities and direct our interests in many directions. Saturn reminds us that there are rewards for committing to disciplined and focused pursuit of what we are trying to learn. Finally, Mars in Pisces makes a sextile to Pluto in Capricorn. As Pluto moves retrograde in Capricorn—a sign associated with allegiance to the past—we may find ourselves moved to action, responding to the ways that power has been consolidated throughout history. But remember, as Audre Lorde writes in Sister Outsider, “…we cannot fight old power in old power terms only. The only way we can do it is by creating a whole structure that touches every aspect of our existence, at the same time as we are resisting.” As Angela Davis and many others have taught us over and over again, abolition not only requires opposing, resisting, and dismantling existing institutions—like prisons, like the police; it also involves imagining and building new ways of organizing power and acting together. This dismantling and reconstruction is not separate from the internal re-visitation that we are beginning as Mercury turns into its retrograde journey.
Today the Moon in Taurus makes sextiles to Mercury in Cancer then Neptune in Pisces. We may find ourselves moving between knowledge and understanding, our capacities to describe and articulate as well as our capacities to feel. In an interview in Sister Outsider between Audre Lorde and Adrienne Rich, Rich describes her desire for Lorde to provide more clear articulations of her intuitions. Rich: “I was trying to say to you, don’t let’s let this evolve into ‘You don’t understand me’ or ‘I can’t understand you’ or ‘Yes, of course we understand each other because we love each other.’ That’s bullshit. So if I ask for documentation, it’s because I take seriously the space between us that difference has created, that racism has created …” Lorde: “But I’m used to associating a request for documentation as a questioning of my perceptions, an attempt to devalue what I’m in the process of discovering … documentation does not help one perceive. At best it only analyzes the perception. At worst, it provides a screen by which to avoid concentrating on the core revelation, following it down to how it feels.” Today we may feel inclined toward a desire to know, to clarify, to analyze, to understand. But are we prepared to accept and trust our unfolding perceptions and the depths of feeling within our own bodies as well as others’ as valid and valuable sources of understanding? It may be that our distrust of feelings or our dissatisfactions with what cannot be easily articulated are symptoms of systems that we are actively working to abolish.
Today the Moon ingresses into Taurus, the sign of its exaltation, reminding us to slow down, ground into our bodies, and cultivate deeply nourishing care practices that can support us in the days ahead. As the Moon receives a square from Saturn retrograde in Aquarius, we may hit a wall, physically or emotionally. If we don’t slow down and care for our systems, our systems may demand that we stop—whether or not we want to do so. adrienne maree brown writes in Pleasure Activism, “There’s this concept of suffering central to so many of us as whatever, activists, organizers, anyone trying to change the world … so much of how we get pulled into community and kept in community is a solidarity built around our sufferings … which is not liberatory … what does it take to actually shift the feel of organizing? The way we feel our existence? We’re not meant to suffer alone. We’re meant to experience pleasure and togetherness.” In moments of slowing down and pause, can we reorient our efforts for justice and liberation, aligning with our own embodied sense of longing and pleasure, rather than building new worlds around the suffering and burn out that we inherit from systems of oppression? What if, as brown writes, we can “begin to imagine a society coordinated around honest, clearly articulated longings … all of us organizing ourselves around what we long for rather than what we are against”? Finally, in the last hour of the day, the Moon makes a conjunction to Uranus in Taurus. This can describe a powerful, jolting activation of our bodies and emotional life. The shock and disruptions will continue to come; what kinds of capacities and containers are you cultivating to hold and ground the upheavals when they come?
Today the Moon in Aries makes squares to Pluto and Jupiter—both retrograde in Capricorn—and a sextile to the Sun in Gemini. Aries inspires action, but with the Moon squaring Pluto and Jupiter, this action may require us to challenge the ways in which powerful institutions have repressed our own agency and aspirations. Audre Lorde writes in “The Transformation of Silence into Language and Action”: “In becoming forcibly and essentially aware of my mortality, and of what I wished and wanted for my life, however short it might be, priorities and omissions became strongly etched in a merciless light, and what I regretted were my silences. Of what had I ever been afraid? … most of all, I think, we fear the visibility without which we cannot truly live.” Lorde instructs us, “…for us all, it is necessary to teach by living and speaking those truths which we believe and know beyond understanding. Because in this way alone we can survive, by taking part in a process of life that is creative and continuing, that is growth.” Pluto can describe the crushing forces of repression and fear, the consciousness of death and decay, but also the difficult processes of transforming that which is hidden into necessary change. The Sun extends visibility, inviting showing up more fully and relentlessly, without which, Lorde writes, we cannot truly live. Jupiter describes not only teaching those truths in which we most believe, but also the capacity for life to continue and grow. The question today is: how can you show up in more visible accountability for that which you believe to be true? What fear must be overcome in order for you to contribute to a process of life and livability—especially for those who are most marginalized—that is both creative and ongoing?
Today the Moon in Aries makes a sextile to Venus retrograde in Gemini. Aries pushes us to start something fresh and new, while Venus is guiding us through a deep study of our practices of love and connection. adrienne maree brown writes in Pleasure Activism, “We don’t learn to love in a linear path, from self to family to friends to spouse, as we might have been taught. We learn to love by loving. We practice with each other, on ourselves, in all kinds of relationships. And right now we need to be in rigorous practice, because we can no longer afford to love people the way we’ve been loving them.” What if most of what we believe to be true of love are myths that we have learned from a colonialist, imperialist, white supremacist, capitalist, hetero-patriarchy? What will it take for you to do the work of this critical unlearning in order to generate new practices of love? The Moon in Aries makes a sextile to Mercury in Cancer, sparking the need for honest emotional communication and connection. brown also writes, “We begin learning to lie in intimate relationships at a very early age … We have to engage in an intentional practice of honesty to counter this socialization. We need radical honesty—leaning to speak from our root systems about how we feel and what we want. Speak our needs and listen to others’ needs.” In our journeys toward more liberated and liberatory practices of love, perhaps today we can begin by exercising this honesty: what am I actually feeling, and how do I communicate those feelings with care for myself and others?
Today the Moon in Pisces makes a square to the Sun in Gemini, entering the waning quarter phase. This is a time of diminishing light, letting go of what is no longer necessary, and shedding perspectives that are no longer in the interests of life. The Moon makes sextiles to Pluto and Jupiter, both retrograde in Capricorn. As we allow what has been to pass away, it becomes the compost in which new possibilities may take root and grow. Mars perfects its conjunction to Neptune in Pisces, and we find motivation and drive for action and change in the deep waters of our dreams. Audre Lorde writes in Sister Outsider, “The white fathers told us: I think, therefore I am. The Black mother within each of us—the poet—whispers in our dreams: I feel, therefore I can be free … we must constantly encourage ourselves and each other to attempt the heretical actions that our dreams imply, and so many of our old ideas disparage.” Listen to the voice that whispers in your dreams that you can be free. Remember that freedom is a constant struggle (Angela Davis) and nobody’s free until everybody’s free (Fannie Lou Hamer), then attempt the heretical actions that your dreams inspire. The Moon ingresses into Aries and directly into a sextile with Saturn retrograde in Aquarius. As we stoke the fires of action and activation, remember to do so with deliberate devotion to the long and steady work of building worlds to come. Take action today, and know that the effects of such actions belong to the immense labor that has come before and all the labor that will come after.
Today the Moon in Pisces makes a trine to Mercury in Cancer, a day for speaking and receiving depths of feelings that stir our capacities for empathy, compassion, connection, and care. Then the Moon makes conjunctions to Mars and Neptune in Pisces—perhaps an embodied premonition of Mars’ conjunction with Neptune tomorrow. We are in a moment of struggling for a dream, fighting for a vision, fighting for what we have not yet dreamt, struggling for who and what we have not yet imagined. Alexis Pauline Gumbs writes in M Archive: After the End of the World: “and that was how we got the ocean. she thought of all the things this world could have been and wasn’t and she wept and wept. all the animals and plants that never were, the people the people couldn’t dream of being, the thoughts that would never ever occur to any of us so uselessly busy proving our lives away. she could see all of it. she could feel all of it. actually she couldn’t see anything because she just kept crying, a heaving gasping cry … she cried and it became the ocean. and out of the ocean came life as we know it.” Witness the cry, the outcry, the crying that has become oceans of bodies flooding the streets around the world. Can you feel the deep grief within your own body for the ways that systemic oppression and violence against Black and Brown people have not only colonized our world but also our capacity to dream? What if every tear could hold the promise of new worlds being brought into being, life as we do not yet know it, for which we are willing to struggle and fight? Imagine the ocean of possibilities—for justice, for liberation—with which we could flood this world.
Today the Sun in Gemini receives a square from Neptune in Pisces. This aspect holds immense potential for inspiration and insight that exceeds our current understanding. We may feel challenged by an experience of ourselves that is more expansive and more encompassing than our limited, ego-identified self. What might you have to surrender if you were to see yourself as an immense and loving presence, witnessing your life and your feelings—as well as the world of which you are a part—with deep and abiding compassion? The Moon then ingresses into Pisces, with reception from Jupiter fallen in Capricorn. The Moon makes a square to Venus retrograde in Gemini, then a sextile to Uranus in Taurus. In our process of questioning and perhaps even relearning what we understand love to be, we may be called into this more expansive sense of self within practices of love. bell hooks writes in All About Love, “A commitment to spiritual life necessarily means we embrace the eternal principle that love is all, everything, our true destiny … loving practice is not aimed at simply giving an individual greater life satisfaction; it is extolled as the primary way we end domination and oppression.” What if love—being in love, becoming loving—is not about increasing our individual satisfaction, but rather is a revolutionary act of practicing care for others from which we are not separate? Such loving practices, hooks writes, are the primary way we end domination and oppression.